Cross country pipe line

Top Features. This enables the user to easily change over from stick to wire to TIG welding processes. But the worker in the field sometimes needs more than just a welder. The Cross Country gives you plenty of single and three phase AC generator power for grinders, pumps and trailers. It all comes in a compact, lightweight package that will fit into any truck bed and give you plenty of visibility through the rear window.

cross country pipe line

Out on the pipeline spread, your job depends on whether each and every weld passes inspection. The Cross Country stick arc was tuned by pipeline welders for pipeline welders. That means puddle performance is excellent for root, fill and cap passes and designed for cellulosic or low hydrogen stick electrodes. On remote job sites, you have to carry everything with you.

This puts space on your rig at a premium. The Cross Country is the most compact engine-driven pipe welder in its class and easily fits on most trucks. Dual continuous controls designed for pipeline welding help you tune the arc for the pipe, pass, position, conditions and more.

Fewer controls improve simplicity and reliability. Service access for routine maintenance is easy, even on the truck, with sliding engine access doors on each side of the machine.

Battery jumper studs are also conveniently located. Digital meters and dashboard gauges monitor key functions. The powder-coated steel enclosure and polished stainless steel exhaust stack will look great on your rig and will stand up to years of cross country travel. The new heavy-duty stainless steel case and rugged wired or wireless remotes add to the durability and utility of these welders.

The powerful generator produces plenty of power for grinders, pumps and travel trailers — up to 11kW continuous three phase power. An engine block heater, standard equipment on the Cross Countryenables operation in cold weather environments. Free personalized Nameplate for your Cross Country Welder. Visit www. Complete the online form 3. Wait for the custom plate to arrive in the mail. Ammeter 2. Output 3.

cross country pipe line

Start Button 5. Glow Plug Push Button 6.This was the first pipeline constructed in India to bring crude oil from Naharkatia oilfield to Nunmati.

Image Courtesy : www1. It was later extended to transport crude oil to refinery at Barauni in Bihar. It is 1, km long. It is now extended to Kanpur in U. The pipeline between Naharkatia and Nunmati became operative in and that between Nunmati and Barauni in Construction work on pipeline from Barauni to Kanpur and Haldia was completed in It has a number of pumping stations and subsidiary pipelines. This pipeline connects oilfields of Mumbai High and Gujarat with oil refinery at Koyali.

A km long double pipeline connects Mumbai with Mumbai High. It provides facilities for transporting crude oil and natural gas. Ankleshwar-Koyali pipeline was completed in It transports crude oil from Ankleshwar oilfield to Koyali refinery. An important pipeline has been laid from Salaya in Gujarat to Mathura in U.

This is 1, km long pipeline which supplies crude oil to refineries at Koyali and Mathura. From Mathura, it has been extended to the oil refinery at Panipat in Haryana and further to Jalandhar in Punjab. It has an offshore terminal for imported crude oil. It is 1, km long and connects Hazira in Maharashtra to Bijapur in M.

It carries 18 million cubic metres of gas everyday to three power houses at Kawas GujaratAnta Rajasthan and Auraiya U. Jagdishpur, Shahjahanpur, Aonla and Babrala.

cross country pipe line

Each of the fertilizer plants has a capacity of producing 1, tonnes of ammonia per day. The construction of this pipeline is a unique engineering feat and has been completed at an estimated cost of over Rs. The pipeline passes through Bengaluru, Karnataka. Lakadganj, Borgaon, Dist. Mandla, Madhya Pradesh. Balanagar, Hyderabad 2nd Floor, Plot No.

Hyderabad, Telangana. Verified Supplier. Bhel Thora, Guwahati, Dist. Kamrup, Assam. Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Biulding, C. Ramasamy Road, Alwarpet, Chennai -Dist.

Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Gurgaon, Haryana. Vadodara, Gujarat. Road No. Vadodara Vadodara -Dist. Jamnagar, Gujarat. Madhavpur, Hyderabad Plot No. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. Old Padra Road, Vadodara No. Have a requirement? Get Best Price. Showing results with Videos.More sophisticated evaluation techniques and economic criteria are needed when decisions have to be made between large, complex piping systems, particularly when the piping systems differ widely in scope, time scale, etc.

APLNG EPC Pipelines, Queensland

Lines in the first group are sized on the basis of available pressure drop, while those in the second must be based on an economical pipe size the smaller the pipethe less the pipe costs but the higher the pumping costs, and thus an optimum size must exist.

Paradoxically, however, it is uneconomical to make economic studies on each process line for a proposed plant. The designer, therefore, must have some means of determining which lines justify careful cost analysis.

Cross Country Pipeline

The designer can select a conservative line size which will definitely fulfill the requirements. But will the next smaller size be more economical? The only manner in which this can be determined definitely is by careful economic analysis. If the possible savinghowever, is not far from the cost in the man-hours required to make the study, it is better to select the conservative size without further use of valuable time.

If, on the other hand, the possible savings are substantial, then further detailed study is indicated. To find out piping erection load b.

Manpower planning c. Piping work progress monitoring d. Find out the inch dia? Ans: Inch dia : size x no. Note : Inch meter will be more relevant in case of yard piping whereas inch dia will be more relevant in case of plant piping. Piping design and engineering: The cost of design work associated with the pipe work including layout studiesscheminganalysis and detailing.

Materials: The cost of all bought out materialsi. Fabrication: The cost of site fabricationoff-site fabrication, done in a shop away and adjacent to site. Erection: The cost of erecting on-site fabricated pipe work and pressure testing.

This includes preliminaries, variation orders and error rectification if any. The rates shall be included or excluded, allowances for construction plant, tools, tackle and consumables.Pipeline transport is the long-distance transportation of a liquid or gas through a system of pipes —a pipeline—typically to a market area for consumption.

Liquids and gases are transported in pipelines and any chemically stable substance can be sent through a pipeline. Pipelines are useful for transporting water for drinking or irrigation over long distances when it needs to move over hillsor where canals or channels are poor choices due to considerations of evaporationpollutionor environmental impact.

Oil pipelines are made from steel or plastic tubes which are usually buried. The oil is moved through the pipelines by pump stations along the pipeline.

Hydrogen pipeline transport is the transportation of hydrogen through a pipe. Pipelines are one of the safest ways of transporting materials as compared to road or rail, and hence in war, pipelines are often the target of military attacks.

It is uncertain when the first crude oil pipeline was built. Pipelines are generally the most economical way to transport large quantities of oil, refined oil products or natural gas over land. Propane can be used as a fuel in oil fields to heat various facilities used by the oil drillers or equipment and trucks used in the oil patch.

The distance to ship propane to markets is much shorter, as thousands of natural-gas processing plants are located in or near oil fields. Many Bakken Basin oil companies in North Dakota, Montana, Manitoba and Saskatchewan gas fields separate the NGLs in the field, allowing the drillers to sell propane directly to small wholesalers, eliminating the large refinery control of product and prices for propane or butane.

The most recent major pipeline to start operating in North America, is a TransCanada natural gas line going north across the Niagara region bridges with Marcellus shale gas from Pennsylvania and others tied in methane or natural gas sources, into the Canadian province of Ontario as of the fall ofsupplying 16 percent of all the natural gas used in Ontario.

This new US-supplied natural gas displaces the natural gas formerly shipped to Ontario from western Canada in Alberta and Manitoba, thus dropping the government regulated pipeline shipping charges because of the significantly shorter distance from gas source to consumer.

Cross Country Pipeline Supply Canada

To avoid delays and US government regulation, many small, medium and large oil producers in North Dakota have decided to run an oil pipeline north to Canada to meet up with a Canadian oil pipeline shipping oil from west to east.

This allows the Bakken Basin and Three Forks oil producers to get higher negotiated prices for their oil because they will not be restricted to just one wholesale market in the US. Mutual funds and joint ventures are big investors in new oil and gas pipelines. Additionally, a pipeline is currently being constructed from North Dakota to Illinois, commonly known as the Dakota Access Pipeline. As more North American pipelines are built, even more exports of LNG, propane, butane, and other natural gas products occur on all three US coasts.

However, pipelines provide a cheaper means to transport by volume. Enbridge in Canada is applying to reverse an oil pipeline going from east-to-west Line 9 and expanding it and using it to ship western Canadian bitumen oil eastward. New Brunswick will also refine some of this western Canadian crude and export some crude and refined oil to Europe from its deep water oil ULCC loading port.

Although pipelines can be built under the sea, that process is economically and technically demanding, so the majority of oil at sea is transported by tanker ships. Similarly, it is often more economically feasible to transport natural gas in the form of LNG, however the break-even point between LNG and pipelines would depend on the volume of natural gas and the distance it travels. The Enbridge Sandpiper pipeline is proposed to transfer valuable oil from Western North Dakota through northwestern Minnesota.

The pipeline will be inches in diameter. It will carry overbarrels of oil a day with a volatility of Log In. Narendra K. Autopipe does not consider buckling but it has not been an issue. Tyipcally our lines are large mm to mm and the spans 10 to 18m. However for long "ambient" lines which may be buried or not where they are not generally guided at the same frequency as steam lines or anchored at the same frequency buckling could become an issue and as such taking the results from programs such as Caesar and Autopipe as being the sole check could be frought with danger.

One of these others is for lowering existing pipelines. Others deal with horizontal directional drills. Pipeline Tool Box google search is a starting point. Before the battle, one must arm themselves with knowledge. RE: Stress analysis of cross country piping Don't forget that cross country pipelines often have elastic bends put in them whereas on plot piping almost always uses elbows, so the stress regime in cross country lines is different Is the line going to be restrained or unrestrained?

Again, cross country lines are different to on plot piping as the friction factor with the ground means that even an unrestained line, if it's long enough, will be restrined over a large part of its length, and the axial forces you'll need to consider will only be over the free sections at each end.

Upheaval buckling can be an big issue- I've seen an offshore line which popped up and then got caught by a fisherman's trawlboard and dragged a few hundred metres. Cost a lot of money to do the repair still the fisherman lost tens of thousands of pounds worth of fishing gear, which serves him right for trawling along a pipeline! RE: Stress analysis of cross country piping What are the criteria to evaluate the buckling effect for underground piping?

RE: Stress analysis of cross country piping Buckling does not control steel pipes. Look at API This calculates stresses and compares them against an allowable. Red Flag This Post Please let us know here why this post is inappropriate. Reasons such as off-topic, duplicates, flames, illegal, vulgar, or students posting their homework. The Eng-Tips staff will check this out and take appropriate action. Click Here to join Eng-Tips and talk with other members!

Already a Member? Join your peers on the Internet's largest technical engineering professional community. It's easy to join and it's free. Register now while it's still free! Already a member? Close this window and log in. Are you an Engineering professional?Introduction: In the modern age of Industrial word, the Oil refineries, petroleum products, and petrochemicals form the major part of the industrial set-up all over the world.

It is often economical and practical to carry the liquid and Gaseous products through pipe-lines rather than by Tankers over ling distance. When a pipe-line has to carry such products like crude oil, refined oil, chemicals like naphtha, ethylene, propylene etc. Engineering and Installation of Cross-Country Pipe-Lines form a special branch of piping design and engineering. This is mainly due to fire and explosion hazards associated with the oils and chemicals. This write-up highlights the main features of the eng ineering and construction of Cross- Country Pipe-Lines.

The objective of this note is to make the reader familiar with the broad perspective of the Cross-Country Pipe-Line Work and the pipe-lines which are already installed in India. These also include the submarine lines and en-land pipe-lines.

The transport by Airway be cargo Air-crafts is also another way of bulk-transport. These modes of Transport have following limitations.

While transportation by roads, railways, water and air-ways is widely used all over the world, it has its own limitations due to the features used all over the world, it has its own limitations due to the features a to m mentioned above. Hence the most reliable and efficient system can be provided only be Cross-Country pipe-lines. The product reaches exactly in the same condition from source to the supply point, with minimal loss of quality or quantity.

They are listed as given below :. The modern techniques are well developed to offset the effects of the above disadvantages. Even if a line has to shut-off for a day or two, the storage facilities at the users end take care of such stoppages even for 15 days to 1 month. There may be many alternatives for routing the pipe line from supplier to the consumer.

It is necessary to study the techno-economic comparison of the alternative routes. This survey includes the following activities :.

En-route information and data has to be collected for such land pieces. Such data will include :. Such as excavation labour, transport facilities, access roads, construction material like stones, aggregates, sand, cement, steel, structurals, etc. This information will be useful in working out project schedule and cost estimates and assessing the problems in construction.

Names and addresses of the statutory and public bodies required to be contacted for acquiring ROW, construction permission, blasting licences, excavating the public facilities Roads, rivers, rail-tracks etc. Base on various data collected as in 3. This schedule should cover only broad activities to serve as a guide line for preparation of detail activity schedule. This involves the comparison of alternative router surveyed as in 3. The analysis should include various parameters which are tabulated in the following format :.

Value analysis should be done for each alternative routes considering appropriate weightages assigned to these parameters and costs of the same. Thus final and most optimum route can be selected.

After deciding the final route, cost estimates, broad project schedule and engineering. The detail engineering will involve following main steps. Generally Cross-Country Pipe-Lines are laid underground in an excavated Trench while crossing the land-areas.

Onshore Oil & Gas Production Projects – EPC Services

Minimum depth of the Trench should be Trench while crossing the land-areas. Width of the trench is general minimum 1 M or as required by higher dia. Thus width should be Dia. After trenching is ready over substantial length pipe-lines made ready in the yard as in 5.


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