Eu4 rum or ottomansOn 24.04.2021 by Kazrasida
It reached the height of its power during the late 12th and early 13th century, when it succeeded in taking Byzantine key ports on the Mediterranean and Black Sea coasts. In the east, the sultanate absorbed other Turkish states and reached Lake Van.
Trade from Iran and Central Asia across Anatolia was developed by a system of caravanserai.
Especially strong trade ties with the Genoese formed during this period. The increased wealth allowed the sultanate to absorb other Turkish states that had been established in eastern Anatolia DanishmendsMengujekidsSaltukidsArtuqids.
For the remainder of the 13th century, the Seljuqs acted as vassals of the Ilkhanate. The dissolution of the Seljuq state left behind many small Anatolian beyliks Turkish principalitiesamong them that of the Ottoman dynastywhich eventually conquered the rest and reunited Anatolia to become the Ottoman Empire.
In the s, after the battle of Manzikertthe Seljuk commander Suleiman ibn Qutulmisha distant cousin of Malik-Shah I and a former contender for the throne of the Seljuk Empirecame to power in western Anatolia. Two years later, he declared himself sultan of an independent Seljuq state and established his capital at İznik. When Malik Shah died inKilij Arslan was released and immediately established himself in his father's territories.
Kilij Arslan, although victorious in the People's Crusade ofwas defeated by soldiers of the First Crusade and driven back into south-central Anatolia, where he set up his state with capital in Konya. He defeated three Crusade contingents in the Crusade. Inhe ventured east and captured Mosul but died the same year fighting Malik Shah's son, Mehmed Tapar. He was the first Muslim commander against the crusades. Meanwhile, another Rum Seljuq, Malik Shah not to be confused with the Seljuq sultan of the same namecaptured Konya.
Upon Mesud's death inthe sultanate controlled nearly all of central Anatolia. Despite a temporary occupation of Konya in by the Holy Roman Empire 's forces of the Third Crusadethe sultanate was quick to recover and consolidate its power.
Tamar of Georgia quickly marshaled an army throughout her possessions and put it under command of her consort, David Soslan. Loss of the sultan's banner to the Georgians resulted in a panic within the Seljuq ranks.
Both the Rum Seljuk and Georgian armies suffered heavy casualties, but coordinated flanking attacks won the battle for the Georgians.
Kaykhusraw's most important achievement was the capture of the harbour of Attalia Antalya on the Mediterranean coast in His son Kaykaus captured Sinop and made the Empire of Trebizond his vassal in He also subjugated Cilician Armenia but in was forced to surrender the city of Aleppoacquired from al-Kamil.
Kayqubad continued to acquire lands along the Mediterranean coast from to In the s, he sent an expeditionary force across the Black Sea to Crimea. After three years, when he had finally quelled the revolt, the Crimean foothold was lost and the state and the sultanate's army had weakened.
It is in these conditions that he had to face a far more dangerous threat, that of the expanding Mongols. The Seljuq realm was divided among Kaykhusraw's three sons.
His younger brothers, Kilij Arslan IV — and Kayqubad II —were set to rule the regions east of the river under Mongol administration. Kilij Arslan IV was executed inand Kaykhusraw III — became the nominal ruler of all of Anatolia, with the tangible power exercised either by the Mongols or the sultan's influential regents.
The Seljuq state had started to split into small emirates beyliks that increasingly distanced themselves from both Mongol and Seljuq control. Inresponding to a call from Anatolia, the Mamluk sultanBaibarsraided Anatolia and defeated the Mongols, temporarily replacing them as the administrator of the Seljuq realm. But since the native forces who had called him to Anatolia did not manifest themselves for the defense of the land, he had to return to his home base in Egyptand the Mongol administration was re-assumed, officially and severely.
Also, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia captured the Mediterranean coast from Selinos to Seleuciaas well as the cities of Marash and Behisnifrom the Seljuq in the s.
Near the end of his reign, Kaykhusraw III could claim direct sovereignty only over lands around Konya. Some of the beyliks including the early Ottoman state and Seljuq governors of Anatolia continued to recognize, albeit nominally, the supremacy of the sultan in Konya, delivering the khutbah in the name of the sultans in Konya in recognition of their sovereignty, and the sultans continued to call themselves Fahreddin, the Pride of Islam.
He was murdered in and his son Mesud III soon afterwards. A distant relative to the Seljuq dynasty momentarily installed himself as emir of Konya, but he was defeated and his lands conquered by the Karamanids in The sultanate's monetary sphere of influence lasted slightly longer and coins of Seljuq mint, generally considered to be of reliable value, continued to be used throughout the 14th century, once again, including by the Ottomans.
The Seljuk dynasty of Rum, as successors to the Great Seljuqs, based their political, religious and cultural heritage on the Perso-Islamic tradition even to the point of naming their sons with Persian names.After all, many of the customers who raise concerns in online reviews would still complain about your business to other people, even if they didn't post a review. At least if the complaint is published where you can see it, you have the opportunity to address your customer's concern and respond publicly, if you feel this is necessary.
Many customers also have good suggestions about better ways to do things, or new products that you could offer, so review sites can be a free source of great business ideas. Like many other forms of social media, online review sites give you the chance to develop a closer relationship with your customers. You're likely to get to read reviews from a range of customers, many of whom might not otherwise tell you their opinions of your business.
You can also reply to both positive and negative reviews, demonstrating that you're interested in what customers have to say. Through your replies, customers can get to know you as an individual, not just 'business x'.
In fact, some review sites (e. Yelp) require business owners to post a clear personal photograph before they are allowed to respond to reviews. Many customers enjoy knowing the person behind the business, and may become more loyal to you as a result. Phone scam reported from 'Business Queensland'General enquiries 13 QGOV (13 74 68) Skip to header Skip to content Skip to navigation Skip to footer Take survey At the end of your visit today, would you complete a short survey to help improve our services.
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Some social networks display a social card when your campaign is shared. This social card shows an image from your campaign along with some text to encourage viewers to click the link to your campaign's archive page. Customizing Social Cards is especially useful when you want to control what is displayed when your campaign is shared to Facebook or integrated with Twitter.
When testing your campaign, you can choose the featured image and text as well as preview the social card. Choose Social Cards from the Preview and Test drop-down menu on the Design or Confirm step of the Campaign Builder, and make any changes you want.
The Social Cards feature isn't available when creating a template in the Templates page of your account.
Click the Preview and Test drop-down menu, and choose Send a test email. Type the email address you want to send the test to. You also have the option to use the checkboxes to send to other users on your account.
If someone replies to a test email sent from the Email Designer, their reply will show up in the Comments tab. You can include optional instructions and a personal message, then use the checkboxes to select which account users will be notified of new comments.
If you have run out of test email sends for your campaign, there are a few things you can do to test your campaign. On the Pay As You Go and our Forever Free Plans, MailChimp deducts one credit for each recipient you send an email to, whether it's a test campaign or a live campaign.
When you use the Send a Test Email option, the merge tags won't be activated because your campaign isn't being sent to a list just yet. We recommend that you test your merge tags. Test emails sent from the Template Builder will display a from email address that is the primary account contact for your MailChimp account.
This is because template tests are not associated with a list in your account. When you send your campaign, the from email address will display as the from email address associated with the list you're sending to or the address you typed in on the Setup step of the Campaign Builder.
Note Link Checker is currently not available for Code Your Own template options, including Paste in code, Import Zip, and Import HTML. Note The Social Cards feature isn't available when creating a template in the Templates page of your account.The tendencies you have are there for a reason. They are signposts pointing to the areas of your life that need attention.
Become mindful, observe your thoughts, and breathe. Our thoughts are just thoughts. Your breath is a powerful and simple way to anchor yourself in the present moment. Whenever you are having a hard time staying in the now, take deep breaths, and focus on your breathing.
You could even count your breaths. Something I like to do is count to four on the inhale and four on the exhale. It focuses the logical part of my brain on counting and allows me to focus on my breath. After a while I can release the crutch of counting and just be. In fact, they are rarely right, especially if they make you feel bad.
Question your thoughts constantly. When you start to feel negative emotions, use it as a reminder to examine what thoughts are causing the commotion. Most people walk around all day letting negative thoughts cause negative feelings.
We both know that nothing good can come out of this. It takes discipline to be mindful, but the rewards are peace and happiness. Even researchers are discovering the power of emotions. Negative emotions not only have the power to make you feel bad, but can affect your physical health as well. Another great way to stay anchored in the now is to use reminders. It can be as simple as tying a white string around your wrist.
Each time you look at the white string, you are reminded of the present moment. Are you in the now, or are you somewhere else.As one of our top contributors of authentic lifestyle footage, we spoke to Ruslan Mykhalets of MStockAgency to get his top tips and tricks for ditching the cheesy look and producing Read more about Avoid the Cheesy Look: Tips for Directing Talent from Videographer Ruslan MykhaletsFiled Under: Contributors Tagged With: Authenticity, directing, stock videoOctober 1, 2017 By Alex ReffieFrom designing animations and special effects to working with AE templates or stylizing and color correcting footage, Adobe After Effects opens the door to creative possibilities for filmmakers of every skill level.
A staple in the creative industry, it's become the "must-have" and "must-know" special effects and animation program for creatives. Of course, at first glance when opening up After Effects can be a bit intimidating without a little guidance.
Don't worrywe've got you covered. As the video platform continues to dominate social media, indie branding, and grassroots marketing, having the right program for short-form video editing has never been more important. We tried it out with some of our stock footage to see how it stacked up compared to industry mainstays like Adobe Premiere or Final Cut Pro.
A great way to do this is by Read more about Lights, Camera, Preview: How To Showcase Your Movie Like A ProPart of what makes the occasional polar bear encounter. Perfect for channeling a little of that Jack Kerouac free spirit in marketing ads or as b-roll in new video Read more about Wander Free With Our Wanderlust Footage CollectionFor much of the northern hemisphere, autumn has arrived in a symphony of color and cooling temperatures.
More than just an Read more about 20 Jaw-Dropping Fall Foliage ClipsThe fear is real. As one of our top contributors of authentic lifestyle footage, we spoke to Ruslan Mykhalets of MStockAgency to get his top tips and tricks for ditching the cheesy look and producing Read more about Avoid the Cheesy Look: Tips for Directing Talent from Videographer Ruslan MykhaletsFrom designing animations and special effects to working with AE templates or stylizing and color correcting footage, Adobe After Effects opens the door to creative possibilities for filmmakers of every skill level.
We'd like to thank you for visiting our blog by offering you a Free Subscription to VideoBlocks. Thanks for stopping by. Discover Unlimited SavingsSign up now for unlimited downloads from our Member Library. Successful and pleasurable bottoming takes time and practice through dilation exercises, training of your self-awareness, and control of the pelvic floor. Of course, it may be uncomfortable at first and you might initially question how there could ever be pleasure in it something that happens with vaginal sex the first time as well but like anything it takes practice, patience, and following a few simple guidelines to enhance this sexual practice.
I often tell patients that great bottoms have been doing it for quite some time, with many first experiencing it in their youth. Unfortunately, no one showed us the right way to bottom in our high school sexual education class. Use a water-based lubricant and start with the smallest plug. Insert just to the point of pressure. Hold it there for a few seconds, then try to engage the muscles.
Allow yourself to relax before removing the plug, then re-lubricate and re-insert to the point of pressure. Repeat the process three to five times. The key is to remember there are three sets of muscles that need to relax for a successful entry. Think of it as a tunnel, and the entire tunnel needs to be a well-lubed cylinder. If you become stimulated during the process, go for it.
Not only is it a pleasurable side effect to your dilation training, but you can start to channel your orgasm anally and begin to gain control over time. Once the engines have been started, the bottom needs to sit on the tip of the penis, allowing control of entry.
Use plenty of lubricant and remember the different sets of muscles that need to be released to allow access. Start off using the same technique of inserting until you feel pressure, hold it there, pull out, re-lubricate and repeat. The three-to-five-time rule applies here as well. Being on top of the penis really allows for you to determine your level of comfort.
If pain occurs, you can stop, call it a day, and try again another time. Graduating to new positions: Once you have fully received the penis, the last hurdle is to add new positions into the mix, like doggy-style. Make sure you have mastered receiving to minimize any injury and maximize pleasure.
Start with you receiving on top and gaining control of your muscles before moving around to new positons. Injury happens to the best of us: Proper techniques are obviously a must, but even brand-new cars can break down. The most common issues related to anal sex trauma are tears, also known as anal fissures. Most anal fissures will heal themselves with proper care, but fissures that become chronic will require surgical intervention.Sports news, betting strategies.
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Just RETWEET if you do. Secondly members, please tweet us any improvements we can make as always trying to keep you all happy. Only stake btw N100-N500. Just ask if you want to start it. Join us and earn money with our help. DM for more details. It's all about football statistics and betting tips and this is part of the dashboard design. This thing will be huge, stay tuned. Both of these winning!!.
Big problem that it is his true percent during the season. Hope he will getting better with free throws. RETWEET if you would like to begin the trial. More than 2 for this - nice bonus. The event moves away from its established venue at Royal Johannesburg to Randpark this year. This will be the first time this course has staged a European tour event since the South African Open in 2000 won by Matthias Gronberg.
With a large field competing two courses, The Firethorn and The Bushwillow, will be used over the first two days before reverting to the Firethorn course over the weekend. The Firethorn course at 7,600 yards is almost 500 yards longer than Bushwillow so is likely to play a bit tougher.
Local boy Porteous has good memories here having won an amateur event here by 14 strokes only a few years ago. Since then he has gone on to establish himself as a very promising tour player having won the 2016 staging of this event at Royal Johannesburg. His recent form has been dogged by inconsistency with too many rounds spoiled by the odd big number at one or two holes but he did show up well in the Nedbank and DP World event recently so we have some grounds for optimism this week back in familiar surroundings.
Another local boy Walters represents Johannesburg CC just down the road from Randpark so he knows these courses well. Recent form was poor until it picked up last week in Mauritius where he finished tied fourteenth despite a poor closing round.IF YOU TAKE A SECOND AND VISUALISE in your head the link scheme in place and the relationship between pages via links in the reciprocal links hub scenario, you can see how easy it is to do so.
Google can probably compute and identify that one a lot faster than you can its so obvious.
Sultanate of Rum
A useful links page out to unrelated sites on a low-quality domain is just spam to Google and more often or not the pages your links are on will just be ignored by Google, so there is no point getting a link from these pages.
Linking is the foundation of the web. Without links, there would be no web as we know it, no Google even, so never be scared of linking to useful sites or pages.
In fact, Google WANTS or, at least, EXPECTS you to do this and will thank you for it at some level. Do you really want that. Of course, you should ALWAYS be LOOKING for high-quality links, whether you link back to those sites or not. One-way links are better for ranking in search engines as they indicate editorially approved links from other sites to yours. I am working with a client at the moment in a global market that makes something amazing a lot of blue chip companies pay a lot of money for.
The aim is to get the BRAND websites to VOTE for our site FIRST, so OUR search engine rankings improve, because Google now TRUSTS our site because of these new quality links on sites it already trusts. I think all Brand managers would like another good-news-page in the SERPs, so creating a case study for their brand, on your website, is probably better than a link on a links page Google will probably eventually ignore.
If a very trusted site links to my site and gave me a ranking boost, am I expected to believe that linking back to them will remove my ranking boost. Linking back to a site that links to you is a very common thing on the web. Consider the small site that links to its industry body, and a year down the line the small site is a big player, with links from the industry body.
Is that link useless. I would think Google is a lot smarter than that, at some level. I think Google would, at all times, take into account the trust and authority of the sites in question, and whether or not it has any reason not to trust the sites.
I never link to a site JUST BECAUSE THEY LINK TO ME, because the chances are, they are linking to ANY site out there regardless or not if it is a bad neighbourhood. Google reserves the right to penalise you badly if you link to one of these, or are linked from one of them. Of course, you could robots. Back To Table Of ContentsThe best piece of advice I can give you is to FOCUS ON BUILDING A LINKABLE ASSET and VARY your linking strategy while ensuring to avoid low-quality links.
Anchor Text Anchor text is simply the text in the link. I would encourage it, rather than overtly advertise it. Remember, too, that what Google can easily identify in your link profile, it can penalise, filter or demote your for. Contextual Link within text, surrounded by text Google can easily spot a long list of links (like navigation arrays, etc. Ideally, the surrounding text would also be relevant to my page. The thinking is, trusted sites rank well in Google, because they are, well, trusted.
If you can manage to get a link from a trusted site in your niche, this could be worth its weight in Gold. How do you tell if a website (or page within a website) is trusted. How do I determine it. Simply, get links from sites with links and pages with links.
I mean, if you have a SEO site, are you trying to get links from search engine optimization related websites. Linking out to these sites is also thought to be useful, as these links determine the online neighbourhood your site resides within. But links vary in everything from quality and trust etc. The best piece of advice I can give you if you are intent on coming at backlink building from this angle is to vary your linking strategy.
The theory is simple. Mix up your anchor text to avoid important links being filtered out of your link profile.
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